- Download vCloud Director 9.0
- vCloud Director 9.0 Release Notes
- What’s new in vCloud Director 9.0
- VMware Product Interoperability Matrices
- vCloud Director Product Home Page
- vCloud Director Documentation
vCloud Director 9.0 is exclusively available to Service Providers that are enrolled in the vCloud Air Network (vCAN) program
Flow Related Queries
Show VMs per L2 segment (can restrict with where vlan = xyz). Replace vlan with vxlan if using logical switches.
vm by vlan where vlan = “xyz”
Show a list of VMs with their gateway, network, VLAN etc:
L2 Network , vlan, ip address, default gateway of vms
Search a MAC address or IP address. Just type the address into the search bar.
Show me all network traffic going to the internet
flows where Flow Type = 'Src is VM' and Flow Type = 'Dst is Internet' by bytes
Show me all network traffic out to the internet but total bytes:
sum(bytes) of flows where Flow Type = 'Src is VM' and Flow Type = 'Dst is Internet'
Show me all network traffic going to physical
flows where Flow Type = 'VM-Physical' by bytes
Show me the same thing, but totals:
sum(total bytes) of flow where Flow Type = 'VM-Physical'
Say you have two data centres (separate vCenter per site). Show me traffic totals between them (i.e. DCI link utilisation)
sum(bytes) of flows where (Dst Manager = 'abc' AND src manager = 'cba') OR (Dst Manager = 'cba' AND src manager = 'abc')
Total amount of VTEP traffic:
sum(bytes) of flows where Flow Type = 'Src is VTEP' or flow type = 'Dst is VTEP'
VTEP traffic grouped by VMkernel IP (Can’t see this in the vRNI demo labs – has to be in a real life lab):
sum(bytes) of flows where Flow Type = 'Src is VTEP' or flow type = 'Dst is VTEP' group by src ip
Show internet traffic totals for every src IP
sum(bytes) of flows where Flow Type = Internet' group by src ip
Series of 3 days where each point is an aggregate of 2 hours (7200 seconds) of metrics. The aggregate function being applied is supplied in the query – max, sum etc.
series(max(byte rate), 7200) of flows where flow type = 'Src is Physical' and flow type = 'Dst is Internet' in last 3 days
Find switch-ports or router-interface having packet drops
show Max Packet Drops, total packet drop ratio, network Rate of Switch Ports by Total Packet Drop Ratio
Network rate of all hosts (ordered by the highest)
network rate of host order by Max Network Rate
Show total flows grouped by ports
sum(bytes) of flow group by port
Look at Internet flows grouped by port with traffic totals:
sum(bytes) of flows where Traffic Type = 'INTERNET_TRAFFIC' group by port
Information about VMs
Show which network segments have the highest VM count:
vm group by l2 network
Which datastores have highest VM count:
vm group by datastore
ESX Host Information
Show me a list vSphere versions installed in the environment and a total of hosts:
host group by version
Show me a list of vSphere builds and how many hosts they have:
host group by OS
Show me hosts with how many VMs they contain:
vm group by host
Show rules which have an any source (can combine with specific port if you like)
vm where incoming rules.Source Any
Show VMs with an affected rule of xyz
vm where Firewall Rule = 'Prod MidTier to Prod DB - DBService'
Show firewall rules where any port is allowed
firewall rule where action = allow and service any = true
max(byte rate) of flows
avg(CPU Usage Rate), avg(memory utilization) of VMs
Show which VNIs my controllers are responsible for:
controller of Vxlan group by controller
Which controller is responsible for my Prod-Midtier segment?
Primary Controller of Vxlan 'Prod-Midtier'
Where is my Prod-Midtier-1 VM and what info do I want to know about it (i.e. MAC, IP, host it’s on)?
mac address, ip, vxlan, host of vm 'Prod-Midtier-1'
Show routes for Provider edge 3:
routes where vrf = 'Provider Edge 3'
Show routes of DMZ DLR:
routes where VRF = 'LDR-DMZ'
vCloud Availability for vCloud Director is a Disaster Recovery-as-a-Service (DRaaS) solution that provides simple and secure asynchronous replication and failover for vSphere managed workloads. The service operates through a vCloud Air Network Service Provider, and each installation provides recovery for multiple tenants. The service provides the following features:
The architecture of the solution relies on the service provider environment that provides the replication target and the customer, or tenant, environment that employs vSphere replication to move the data to the service provider. In the service provider environment, multiple components operate together to support replication, secure communication, and storage of the replicated data. Each service provider can support recovery for multiple customer environments that can scale to handle increasing loads for each tenant, and for multiple tenants.
On the tenant side, a single VM instance is deployed in the tenant vSphere environment. This provides management service that is used to oversee the replication operation for each replicated VM. Standard vSphere Replication is used to exchange this information with the service provider infrastructure.
Read the FAQ here
It’s been more than 2 years vCloud Air service is launched, from the day of its launch the service is getting better and matured.
During this VMworld 2015, numerous new features are revealed. Let us have a closer look
Features announced in VMworld 2015
vCloud Air Object Storage
Powered by EMC – Live Now Beta
Powered by Google – Live Now
New version of Disaster Recovery
SRM Air – Available in Q4 2015 – Early Access
Disaster Recovery OnDemand – Upcoming
vCloud Air meets NSX – Advanced Networking Services – Live Now GA -Dedicated Cloud, Q4 – VPC
vCloud Air SQL – Live Now Early Access
vCloud Air catalog & content Library – Upcoming
vCloud Air HCM – Hybrid Cloud Manager – Early Access on Sep 2nd week -Dedicated, Q4 – VPC
vCloud Air Cross Cloud vMotion – Early Access on Sep 2nd week -Dedicated, Q4 – VPC
vCloud Air Object Storage:
What is Object storage?
In traditional storage architecture,
- File systems manages data in file hierarchy
- Block Storage manages data in blocks (within Sectors and tracks)
- Object Storage manages data as objects
The usage of Object storage is increased in current trend since it is relatively inexpensive, scalable, and retain massive amount of unstructured data (data that do not have any pre-defined model).
vCloud Air Object Storage offers two flavours, powered by EMC ViPR (Beta) & Google cloud platform.
Look at this demo for detailed info, https://www.dropbox.com/s/7ip6iz6xd7vwgfx/CS8-%20Storage.pptx?dl=0
Powered by Google Platform:
Powered by EMC (Beta):
Sign-up for vCloud Air Object Storage : http://vcloud.vmware.com/service-offering/object-storage
Disaster Recovery OnDemand:
Customers will pay a flat fee for each VM protected and the amount of storage consumed by the VMs. When a DR test is run or a DR event occurs, customers will only pay for the compute consumed when VMs are running.
SRM (Site Recovery Manager) Air:
SRM Air will be released later this year as part of an Early Access Program launching in Q4 2015. Some key benefits of this new solution are:
- Simple cloud-based protection
- Fast and reliable recovery
- Industry-proven technology
Check VMware blog for more info.
vCloud Air – Advanced Networking Services:
VMware vCloud Air Advanced Networking Services are a new model for public cloud security that improves overall network manageability and accelerates application time-to-market by delivering a powerfully agile and cost-efficient platform for zero-trust security. Built on VMware NSX technology, these services are the public cloud piece of VMware’s hybrid networking story.
Advanced Networking Services include:
- Trust Groups (i.e. micro segmentation): Implemented through stateful distributed firewalls, Trust Groups isolate and secure each VM and application down to the Layer 2 level, commonly seen as one of the most vulnerable points in network security. Centrally managed, inheritable, nestable, and portable, they are easily administered at scale and follow applications wherever they move in the cloud.
- Dynamic Routing: Both Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) and Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)-based routing over VMware vCloud Air Direct Connect are supported to simplify network management and to ensure that critical cloud-hosted applications are always reachable.
- Network Scaling: Support for virtual network interfaces can be expanded from 10 to 200 routed network segments in a single virtual data center, allowing customers to mirror even their complex on-premises network topologies in the cloud and to migrate on-premises applications “as is.”
- High Capacity Connectivity: Point-to-site SSL and site-to-site IPsec VPN options enable up to 100 mobile devices and 1600 site connections to securely connect to a single gateway
- Enhanced Load Balancing: Scalable HTTPS-based load balancing with SSL offloading and log visibility to meet the demands of high web traffic and production workloads
Dedicated Cloud customers will get Dynamic Routing and basic Point-to-site SSL VPN capabilities added to the basic networking services that come included with every VMware vCloud Air Dedicated Cloud. The remaining services will be available through two premium add-on options.
vCloud Air HCM – Hybrid Cloud Manager:
Completing the hybrid networking story, VMware vCloud Air Hybrid Cloud Manager is a downloadable plug-in for vSphere that offers users a seamless option for customers to extend their on-premises data center into VMware vCloud Air. It is a single point of administration for VMware vCloud Air workloads and offers hybrid networking and bi-directional workload migration capabilities, simplifying on and off-premises resource integration and management of cloud workloads.
With the Hybrid Cloud Manager, VMware vCloud Air customers can utilize:
- Hybrid Management: single-pane-of-glass management and control of VMware vCloud Air workloads through the vSphere web client.
- Enhanced Workload Migration: bi-directional workload portability to and from VMware vCloud Air. Low-downtime, replication-based migration over an encrypted VPN connection or Direct Connect cuts VM downtime to minutes. Downtime is further reduced with software-based acceleration. Migrations can be scheduled for off-peak hours to minimize disruption, and are secured by bleeding-edge Suite-B encryption technology.
- Network Extension: Customers can stretch hundreds of on-premises network segments to a single edge gateway in the cloud through a Layer 2 VPN tunnel, seamlessly extending their on-premises data centers to the cloud and integrating on and off-premises resources. This can be done over the Internet (encrypted) or a Direct Connect, and it makes cloud bursting a reality since workloads can retain their IP and MAC addresses when moved to the cloud. Moreover, customers can start treating their on and off-premises resources as a single resource pool, architecting new hybrid applications that take advantage of the best of both worlds.
How to purchase http://vcloud.vmware.com/service-offering/hybrid-cloud-manager
vCloud Air catalog & content Library:
The vCloud Air Catalog and Content Library stores and synchronizes virtual machines, OVFs and ISOs between on-premises vSphere and vCloud Air.
vCloud Air Cross Cloud vMotion
VMware has made a lot of improvements to vMotion technology. The next-gen feature of the vMotion is a cross-cloud vMotion. With this feature you can seamlessly migrate virtual machines from on-prem to vCloud Air and back. Benefits are avoiding disasters by quickly migrating VMs to vCloud Air for continued business operations. Another scenario is easily migrating test workloads running in vCloud Air back to on-premises and vice versa. Optionally you can choose replication based migration: virtual machines are migrated using vSphere replication, with scheduling options and ability to retain a copy on source vSphere environment.
vCloud Air SQL :
vCloud Air SQL is a database-as-a-service offering that delivers rapid access to scalable, cloud-hosted relational databases. The service automates the provisioning, operation, and management of Microsoft SQL Server instances in order to increase productivity and minimize administrative overhead.
vCloud Air SQL provides customers with easy access to scalable, cloud hosted relational databases. Delivered via vCloud Air’s on-demand, self-service platform, vCloud Air SQL provides a complete managed database-as-a-service that automates the provisioning and administration of relational databases. System administrators, developers and non-technical personnel can deploy databases within minutes on vCloud Air and can seamlessly access them from other hosts on vCloud Air or on-premises.
More vCloud Air SQL Resources: